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Spot Reduction

1. Muscle and fat are two distinct tissues. They have different properties and characteristics. It is not physiologically possible for one to be transformed into another. When performing these exercises, it is our skeletal muscle that is working, not the fat that may surround it.

2. When we perform any activity, we need energy for that movement. We get this energy from the foods that we consume. When we need energy for exercise, we do not choose which fuel will be used (determined by intensity). In addition, the energy used comes from the entire body not just the skeletal muscle that is moving. So the energy to perform those crunches may not necessarily be coming from your abdominal region!

3. Another key point to these “spot reduction” exercises is that they are anaerobic exercises. What does this mean? We have two energy systems that help us perform all activities. We have our aerobic and anaerobic energy systems. When performing these exercises effectively, the anaerobic system is the system of choice. Biochemically, carbohydrates are the primary fuel choice and fats cannot be used as an energy source.

4. IF you still are not convinced, here’s another point. Fat is stored as adipose tissue. If we were to use it as a fuel source, it needs to be broken down by the liver into fatty acids and then circulated into the bloodstream to be used as a fuel. The body is going to release fat stored from the entire body not from those specific areas we wish.

5. Deposition of fat is genetically predetermined. We do not control where we will carry most of our weight. This is also something that cannot be altered by performing specific movements.